Fences – Electric Pet Fences
Fences on residential property are most often used for privacy, beauty and security. Of course, security can be seen in two ways; keeping others out and keeping pets in! Electric pet fences are the most common and effective type of security fence.
There are two basic types of electric pet fence: visible and invisible. The invisible (or hidden) types are made up of running a wire underground with additional perimeter hardware. The underground wire forms a complete loop that is attached to a low voltage and current source. Then a pet approaches the perimeter of the property where the fence is, the circuit senses it and provides a mild electric shock via a collar the pet wears. This shock is not painful but does startle the animal. These collars can also have an integrated sound emitter to add to the effect.
Both dogs and cats quickly associate the noise and discomfort with the edge of this unseen fence barrier. Many owners also stake a series of flags into the ground to give both the animal and owner a clear idea of exactly where that barrier is.
These hidden electric pet fences have about equal pros and cons in their use and owners need to make sure to do the proper research to see if installing one is a good solution. Some animals have been known to charge right through the barrier and ignore the shock emitted, especially if there is something worth chasing on the other side! Once on the outside of the perimeter, it may prove a challenge to encourage them to cross back inside to safety. There are some electric pet fences that compensate for this and the circuit is automatically turned off once the animal has crossed over. With most pets, this is not a problem, but something to take into consideration depending on the animal.
Another type of electric pet fence provides both a physical and visible barrier above the ground. These are more often used on larger animals, such as horses and cattle. This kind is pretty much a standard-looking post and rail style fence. It is built, however, with the rails made up of one or more wires. While some models have only one electrified wire located at the top, other models provide electrification throughout the whole fence.
Again, the voltage and current are low and there is no risk of physical injury to the animal. While the shock emitted might be uncomfortable, it is well below the pain threshold. The chief effect is very similar to that of the hidden-fence-and-collar type where the animal is startled and motivated to move away from the barrier.
Even though the effectiveness varies as with the hidden pet fence, it offers additional security and protection for the animal, nonetheless. The physical barrier provides a sturdy perimeter using high tensile strength wire and sound posts.
As an added benefit, the electrification discourages the animal from pushing through the fence. This does more than just save on costly repairs; it also adds an element of safety because a half-down fence is more likely to injure the animal.
Hidden electric pet fences are typically less expensive than above the ground types as they are comprised of a single wire and some electronic gear. The above the ground fencing is a good Fence Ideas and offers additional security but can be costly. Research which option is right for your land, your pet and you.